Fortress Luštica
Southern Adriatic defense zone

Defensive line:
Second line of defense: Kobila - Kabala

Tactical mission task
Defense of the entrance to the Bay of Kotor

Construction period

No data found

Mortar M-73 210 mm, 4 pcs.
Howitzer L 49, 150 mm, 4 pcs.
Machine guns and infantry weapons 
For those who are attracted by the magic of abandoned buildings, already at the first encounter with the fortress, entering the throat (high trench around Luštica), you feel a special atmosphere of mystery, which awakens the desire for adventure. Time and nature have additionally decorated it, so that today it looks more like an abandoned temple from one of the adventure movies about Indiana Jones, than a military facility from the First World War. There is no easy way to climb some of the floors and most explorers give up right after entering the barracks, in front of the ruins inside a high trench. But, if you start walking on the marked trail, which goes next to the fortress, you will see a wonderful sight as from the Far Eastern temples. If you continue further uphill, towards the former machine gun nest and the Gomile viewpoint, the view from the heights of the open sea, the fortress and the entrance to the Bay will awaken in you an adventurer and protector of Boka.
Gomile viewpoint
Luštica is one of the few fortresses that was disabled by the Austro-Hungarian army with a deliberate explosion in 1918, during its retreat after the defeat. Like other fortresses of the defense system in Boka, it did not differ in function and arrangement of facilities. You can find out more about it on the board near the Kabala fortress, whose interior has been preserved.
  • Mortar 210 mm¹ 
  • Grenade of mortars¹
  • Sailors from Boka
  • Sailors from Boka
The first of February 1918 was supposed to be a quiet winter day for the Austro-Hungarian navy anchored in Boka. That day, at dawn, a grenade fired from the ship "St. George" woke up 6,000 sailors and marked the beginning of their rebellion. Red flags, a symbol of solidarity, fluttered on rebel ships. On the same morning, Sergeant Franz Rasch bravely stepped in front of Rear Admiral Hans, demanding an end to the war, greater rights and better food on behalf of all sailors. On the same day, the army command in Boka turned all available artillery from the fortress towards the rebel ships and staged negotiations in order to gain time and wait for the warships from Pula. On 3rd February, rebel sailors were surrounded on all sides. They accept the bitterness of defeat and decide to end the rebellion peacefully.
  • Ship  St. George¹
  • Sergeant Franz Rasch, leader of the rebellion¹
The rebel sailors were severely punished. About 1200 sailors were arrested and brought before military courts. Naval sergeant from the Czech Republic, Franz Rasch and sailors from Dalmatia: Antun Grabar, Jerko Šižgorić and Mate Briničević were sentenced to death by firing squad. 
The other convicted sailors were released in October 1918, when Austria-Hungary signed an armistice. 
The memory of the sailors' revolt in Boka continues to this day, through many books and movies. In the hometowns of the executed sailors, there are memorials and streets named after them.
Kotor, marking the 50th anniversary of the sailors' rebellion
¹ Source: Radojica Pavićević
² Source: Volker Pachauer
³ Source: Österreichisches Staatsarchiv
4 Source: Österreichische Gesellschaft für Festungsforschung

Important Note: Explore the fortresses and use the trails at your own risk.
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This website is part of the FORT-NET project "From the Medieval Fortresses in Herzegovina to the Austro-Hungarian Fortresses in Montenegro" funded with the help of the European Union. The content of this website is the sole responsibility of the project partners and does not necessarily represent the views of the European Union.
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