Viewpoint on Boka
In the 1880s, the empire began large-scale construction works on the construction of the fortifications of Krivošije defense zone. The first thing that was done was a network of roads, which were initially used to deliver construction materials. Later, they were used by the army and the locals. The works and breaking through the inaccessible rocks and mountain ranges, which until then had been difficult to cross on foot or on horseback, took place amazingly fast. Although the roads bridged large altitude difference, they never exceeded 15 degrees of inclination. In 104 years of rule, Austria-Hungary built a complete road network in Boka and the hinterland, which is still used today with minor modifications. The photo, which shows the beauty of the mountain ranges above the Risan Bay, also speaks of the difficulty of the terrain through which numerous serpentines pass. 

In addition to the army, the locals from Boka also worked on the construction of winding roads, such as the one above Risan, for a regular wage which was welcome, especially in times of scarcity. If there was no man in the house, the family was fed by a woman. Women doing hard physical work could also be seen on the construction of roads through Boka.
Female workers on road construction sites in Boka¹
Female workers on road construction sites in Boka
Cable car near fortress Ledenice¹
Photographers who were engaged in the Austro-Hungarian army before the war, documented the work and life of officers and ordinary army, weapons, construction of fortresses, railways, roads. The exhibited photographs were taken outside regular, work obligations and without artistic intentions, in moments of pure admiration for the beauties of Boka.
  • Montenegro from seaplane¹ 
  • Photographing the Bay¹
  • Church of St. George in Orahovac¹
  • Perast¹
Information for drivers
In front of you, 2.6 km from here is the village of Ubalac. There you will be able to park your vehicle and continue on foot, toward fortresses Šanik and Vranovo Hill. 
¹ Source: Radojica Pavićević
² Source: Volker Pachauer
³ Source: Österreichisches Staatsarchiv
4 Source: Österreichische Gesellschaft für Festungsforschung

Important Note: Explore the fortresses and use the trails at your own risk.
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Improving the quality and diversity of the tourist offer based on natural and cultural heritage in the border rural areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro.
This website is part of the FORT-NET project "From the Medieval Fortresses in Herzegovina to the Austro-Hungarian Fortresses in Montenegro" funded with the help of the European Union. The content of this website is the sole responsibility of the project partners and does not necessarily represent the views of the European Union.
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