Fortress Kabala
Southern Adriatic defense zone

Defensive line:
Second line of defense: Kobila - Kabala

Tactical mission task
Defense of the entrance to the Bay of Kotor

Construction period

No data found

Mortar M-73 210 mm, 4 pcs.
Howitzer D 49, 150 mm, 4 pcs.
Machine guns and infantry weapons
Kabala and Luštica, which is not far from here, can be barely noticed from the open sea. The large fortresses were protected by dense vegetation and the trench with which they were surrounded. They were also as twins in architecture. Today, Kabala offers the visitor an adventure within its walls, and Luštica outside them. If you decide to explore it, here’s a little guide in order to understand its space:The first two floors of the fortress included the non-combat part. There was a barracks, with a mandatory kitchen, food and ammunition warehouses, rooms for the army and officers, and a toilet. The combat part with artillery, mortars and howitzers, was placed on an open roof platform.
In every fortress in Boka, even in Kabala, the infrastructure was completely solved: regular water supply went through the cistern system, electricity and heating to its own unit, the wastewater system was arranged.

Mortars on Kabala
From 1814, when Austria-Hungary won the Bay of Kotor for the second time by the decision of the Congress of Vienna, until the middle of the century, the defense of this area was almost asleep. Then, the famous Austro-Hungarian general, Baron Lazar Mamula, ordered the construction of the fortresses of Lastavica (which will be named after him - Mamula), Arza and Punta Oštro at the entrance to the Bay of Kotoro, forming the first line of defense to enter the Bay.
General Mamula
The rapid development of the military industry in the coming decades will force the Vienna command to move the defense of the entrance to the Bay to another line of defense consisting of the Luštica, Kabala fortresses and many fortifications built around them, as well as a group of fortifications across the Bay, on Kobila. The entrance to the Bay was reinforced with torpedoes and a dense network of mines before the war.
  • Three lines of defense of the entrance to the Bay
  • Torpedo battery Kabala
  • Machine gun positions on Luštica
The Austro-Hungarian fleet in the Boka Bay did not have many conflicts during the First World War. At the very beginning, in 1914, several grenades were fired from French ships, which appeared at the entrance to the Bay, at the fortresses of Mamula and Oštro. Artillery responded from the Luštica fortress and it ended, without major damage. The entrance to the Boka Bay was an invincible bastion and no major naval power tried to attack the port from this side until the end of the war.
Austro-Hungarian fleet in Đenovići
Exactly at 11 o'clock, on 16th July 1901, Boka was connected to Europe by land, when the first, ceremoniously decorated train entered the Zelenika railway station. Vienna did not ask about the price of this strategic military project. 
The trains were so accurate that the locals wound their clocks according to them, and the children knew in the summer that it was time to go home for lunch - when the last train would enter Zelenika.
The ceremonial entry of the first train in Zelenika
Herceg Novi station
The transmission of messages within the system of 120 fortresses in Boka fully followed the development of telecommunications in the world. The first radio station in this part of the Adriatic was in the Klinci barracks.  
Radio station
¹ Source: Radojica Pavićević
² Source: Volker Pachauer
³ Source: Österreichisches Staatsarchiv
4 Source: Österreichische Gesellschaft für Festungsforschung

Important Note: Explore the fortresses and use the trails at your own risk.
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This website is part of the FORT-NET project "From the Medieval Fortresses in Herzegovina to the Austro-Hungarian Fortresses in Montenegro" funded with the help of the European Union. The content of this website is the sole responsibility of the project partners and does not necessarily represent the views of the European Union.
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